U.S. and China Trade by the Numbers

​​​​​​February 4, 2016 

Employees at a Chinese Clothing Factory
20% The share of goods imported to the United States from China in 2014, up from 8 percent in 1999.

13.5% In 2014, the share of imports to China from the United States made up of electrical equipment.
23.3% In 2014, the share of exports from China to the United States made up of electrical equipment.

23.7% The share of all U.S. exports that went to Canada in 1999, making it by far the largest U.S. export market. (Mexico was second at 12.6 percent.)
19.3% The share of all U.S. exports that went to Canada in 2014, still the largest U.S. export market. (Mexico was still second largest at 14.8 percent.)

19.0% The share that exports from Canada to the United States made up in 1999, making Canada the largest exporter to the United States.
19.9% The share that exports from China to the United States made up in 2014, making China the largest exporter to the United States. (Canada was second largest at 14.8 percent.)

61.6% In 2000, the share of Mexico's exports to China made up by beer, making it the largest import from Mexico to China.
17.6% In 2014, the share of Mexico's exports to China made up by motor cars and motor vehicles, making it the largest import from Mexico to China.

6.3% In 1980, the share of Hong Kong's exports that went to China.
53.9% In 2014, the share of Hong Kong’s exports that went to China.

Source: Trade Dynamics between the United States and China: Part 1

Tom Heintjes

Managing Editor for Economy Matters