Uneven Outcomes in the Labor Market: Understanding Trends and Identifying Solutions - February 1–4, 2021
- Conference information
- Day 1 video & transcript
- Day 2 video & transcript
- Day 3 video & transcript
- Day 4 video & transcript
Julie Ajinkya joined APIA Scholars in January 2021 as a new senior vice president to provide strategic direction for the forthcoming research and advocacy agendas. Prior to APIA Scholars, Ajinkya was the vice president of applied research at the Institute for Higher Education Policy (IHEP), where her research interests included equity in postsecondary education and innovative models that improve degree completion for underserved populations. In 2019, Diverse Issues in Higher Education named Ajinkya one of the Top 35 Women in Higher Education. Ajinkya earned her MA with distinction and PhD in government from Cornell University and holds a BA in political science from Amherst College.
Raphael W. Bostic took office as the 15th president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta on June 5, 2017. He is responsible for all the Bank's activities, including monetary policy, bank supervision and regulation, and payment services. He is a participant on the Federal Open Market Committee, the monetary policymaking body of the Federal Reserve System. From 2012 to 2017, Bostic was the Judith and John Bedrosian Chair in Governance and the Public Enterprise at the Sol Price School of Public Policy at the University of Southern California (USC). He arrived at USC in 2001 and served as a professor in the School of Policy, Planning, and Development. He was director of USC's Master of Real Estate Development degree program and was the founding director of the Casden Real Estate Economics Forecast. Bostic also served as the interim associate director of USC's Lusk Center for Real Estate from 2007 to 2009, and as the interim director from 2015 to 2016. From 2016 to 2017, he was the chair of the center's Governance, Management, and Policy Process department. From 2009 to 2012, Bostic was the assistant secretary for policy development and research at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Bostic worked at the Federal Reserve Board of Governors from 1995 to 2001, first as an economist and then as a senior economist in the monetary and financial studies section, where his work on the Community Reinvestment Act earned him a special achievement award. He served as special assistant to HUD's assistant secretary of policy development and research in 1999, and was also a professional lecturer at American University in 1998. He has previously served on many boards and advisory committees, including the California Community Reinvestment Corporation, Abode Communities, NeighborWorks, the National Community Stabilization Trust, the Urban Land Institute, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, the National Economic Association, and Freddie Mac. Bostic graduated from Harvard University in 1987 with a combined major in economics and psychology. He earned his doctorate in economics from Stanford University in 1995.
Amanda Cage is president and CEO of the National Fund for Workforce Solutions. Cage joined the National Fund in March 2020, bringing more than 25 years of federal workforce system, grantmaking, and organized labor experience to the organization. Throughout her career, Cage has focused on ensuring economic inclusion and stability for workers and their families. Most recently, she served as the chief program officer at the Chicago Cook Workforce Partnership, where she managed a $70 million portfolio of public and private funding and a network of over 50 agencies for the country's second-largest workforce system. Before that, she served as director of human capital strategy for the Chicago Workforce Investment Council, where she led a citywide effort to increase Chicago's competitiveness in a knowledge-based global economy. For five years, she led the workforce development portfolio at the McCormick Foundation, and she was the 2004 J. Ira & Nicki Harris Foundation Fellow at the Chicago Community Trust. Cage started her career as a labor organizer working for Jobs with Justice and the Service Employees International Union and was a Trade Union Program Fellow at Harvard Law School. She is an Aspen Institute Economic Opportunities Program 2017-2018 Job Quality Fellow and a 2019 Leadership Greater Chicago Fellow. Cage earned a bachelor's degree from Oberlin College and a master's degree in public policy from the Harris School at the University of Chicago.
Isabel Cardenas-Navia is director of research at Workcred, where she advances Workcred's research agenda to examine workforce credentialing issues and needs. Previously, Cardenas-Navia was vice president of programs and director of emerging workforce programs with the Business-Higher Education Forum (BHEF). Prior to BHEF, Cardenas-Navia was president and founder of Alta Vision Consulting, where she provided short-term, project-based consulting in policy and workforce development in scientific and technical fields; identified, developed, and maintained strategic relationships and partnerships within higher education, industry, government, and foundations; and synthesized and summarized policies and academic research related to higher education and workforce development issues, particularly in digital technology and STEM fields. Cardenas-Navia also served as a postdoctoral fellow with the National Human Genome Research Institute, and has conducted multifaceted research projects at F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd. in Switzerland, the Department of Radiation Oncology at Duke University Medical Center, the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Department of Therapeutic Radiology at Yale School of Medicine. She has a PhD in biomedical engineering and certificate in biomolecular and tissue engineering from Duke University, and a BS in mechanical engineering from Yale University.
Laura Choi is vice president of Community Development at the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. In this role, she provides overall strategic direction and leadership of the Community Development team and serves as Community Affairs Officer for the Twelfth Federal Reserve District. She is responsible for aligning the Community Development team's research and outreach efforts with the broader strategic goals of the Bank in order to advance economic resilience and mobility for low- and moderate-income communities and underserved households. Choi previously served as Community Development research manager at the San Francisco Fed and was coeditor of the Community Development Innovation Review. She was an editor of What It's Worth: Strengthening the Financial Future of Families, Communities, and the Nation, a book jointly published by the SF Fed and Prosperity Now. She also served as the Community Development regional manager for Hawaii, where she partnered with local stakeholders to promote solutions that benefit low-income residents of the state. Prior to joining the SF Fed in 2008, she worked in affordable housing development and management consulting. Choi serves on the board of the National Coalition for Asian Pacific American Community Development. She holds a BA in economics and a Master of Public Policy degree, both from the University of California, Berkeley.
Mary C. Daly is president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. As a participant on the Federal Open Market Committee, she helps set American monetary policy that promotes a healthy and stable economy. Since taking office in October 2018, Daly has committed to making the San Francisco Fed a more community-engaged bank that is transparent and responsive to the people it serves. She works to connect economic principles to real-world concerns and is a sought-after speaker on monetary policy, labor economics, and increasing diversity within the economics field. Daly began her career with the San Francisco Fed in 1996 as an economist specializing in labor market dynamics and economic inequality. She went on to become the Bank's executive vice president and director of research. She currently serves on advisory boards for the Center for First-generation Student Success and the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University. She has also served on the advisory boards of the Congressional Budget Office, the Social Security Administration, the Office of Rehabilitation Research and Training, the Institute of Medicine, and the Library of Congress. Daly earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Missouri-Kansas City, a master's degree from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, and a PhD from Syracuse University. She also completed a National Institute of Aging postdoctoral fellowship at Northwestern University.
Papia Debroy is vice president of Research at Opportunity@Work. She oversees the research work to assist private, public, and social sector leaders to act to improve economic opportunity for individuals who are Skilled Through Alternative Routes (STARs). Prior to joining Opportunity@Work, Debroy served as a research director at CEB, now Gartner, a member-based advisory organization serving more than 80 percent of the Fortune 1000. In this role, she counseled large, complex organizations on their hiring practices, employee engagement approaches, retention policies, competency models, and succession plans. She did so by conducting research on the key challenges of leaders across these organizations, and used that insight to build and manage analytic tools and behavioral assessment solutions, as well as leadership development offerings. To effectively deploy these solutions, Debroy designed and led a complex sales enablement strategy, executed a new-to-world marketing approach, created operational processes, managed teams across several continents, and built a product architecture that used these tools to deliver quality insight and actionable guidance to several thousand clients across her tenure. Her experience serving a wide range of corporate leaders with innovative solutions to chronic challenges related to attracting and retaining talent provides her with a unique perspective on employer performance management across a wide range of industries.
Rebecca Dixon is executive director of the National Employment Law Project (NELP). NELP is a respected leader in federal workers' rights advocacy and the go-to resource for state and local worker movements, providing unmatched policy, legal, and technical assistance. As executive director, Dixon leads NELP's work to build and contribute to a strong workers' rights movement that dismantles structural racism, eliminates economic inequality, and builds worker power. Prior to taking the helm as executive director, Dixon served on NELP's executive management team as chief of programs, leading the general management of all program areas including strategy, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Before joining NELP, Dixon did critical work in Mississippi, including as senior policy analyst at the newly formed Mississippi Economic Policy Center (MEPC), where she advocated for the economic advancement of families with low incomes through policy improvements in adult education, workforce training, access to postsecondary education, childcare funding, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, and unemployment insurance. Dixon began her career in nonprofit public service prior to law school, working at The Salvation Army's regional headquarters in Jackson, Mississippi. In 2012, Dixon was selected by the State of New York for its Empire State Leadership Fellows program and served in the Office of the Governor in its Labor and Civil Rights Division. She is a board member of the Women's Institute for Science, Equity, and Race; a member of the Georgetown Center for Public & Nonprofit Leadership Racial Equity Working Group; the Economic Analysis and Research Network in the South; Insight Center for Community Economic Development's Closing the Racial Wealth Gap Initiative and Expert of Color Network; and a past member of the USDA Food and Nutrition Service and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) "New Faces" of SNAP workgroup. In addition, she is a 2012 Closing the Racial Wealth Gap Thought Leader Fellow and a member of the Race Forward Working Group on Racial Equity in Workforce Development (2016), the Kellogg Foundation Racial Equity Community of Practice (2018–2019), and Politico Working Group, The Geography of Opportunity (2019). Dixon holds a BA and MA in English from Duke University and a JD from Duke University School of Law.
Diana Enriquez is a doctoral candidate in Princeton University's Sociology Department. Her research interests include labor (outsourcing, automation, and alternative work), small businesses, technology, and law. Enriquez's dissertation focuses on high-skill freelancers in the United States. Her recent publications include a study on the impact of the COVID-19 shutdown on low-income households (Socius 2020) and a study on pre-automated workforces (Sociologica 2021).
Patrick T. Harker took office on July 1, 2015, as the 11th president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. In this role, Harker participates on the Federal Open Market Committee, which formulates the nation's monetary policy. Before taking office at the Philadelphia Fed, Harker was the 26th president of the University of Delaware. He was also a professor of business administration at the university's Alfred Lerner College of Business and Economics and a professor of civil and environmental engineering at the College of Engineering. Before joining the University of Delaware in 2007, Harker was dean and Reliance Professor of Management and Private Enterprise at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. Prior to being appointed dean in 2000, Harker was the Wharton School's interim dean and deputy dean as well as the chair of its operations and information management department. In 1991, he was the youngest faculty member in Wharton's history to be awarded an endowed professorship as UPS Transportation Professor of the Private Sector. He has published and/or edited nine books and more than 100 professional articles. From 1996 to 1999, he served as editor-in-chief of the journal Operations Research. In 2012, Harker was named a fellow of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS) and a charter fellow of the National Academy of Inventors. He was also named a White House fellow by President George H. W. Bush in 1991 and was a special assistant to FBI Director William S. Sessions from 1991 to 1992. Harker is a board member of both the Chamber of Commerce for Greater Philadelphia and its Select Greater Philadelphia Council. He is also a board member at the Science Center in Philadelphia. Previously, he was on the boards of Catholic Relief Services, Pepco Holdings, Inc., and Huntsman Corporation and was a founding member of the board of advisors for Decision Lens, Inc. He was also a nonbanking Class B director of the Philadelphia Fed from 2012 to 2015. Harker has a PhD in civil and urban engineering, an MA in economics, and an MSE and BSE in civil engineering, all from the University of Pennsylvania.
Brad J. Hershbein is a senior economist and has also served as the director of information and communications services at the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, a labor studies research organization in Kalamazoo, Michigan. He is also a nonresident fellow in economic studies at the Brookings Institution. His fields of interest focus on labor economics, demography, and economics of education, and especially the intersection of the three. Hershbein has investigated how new high school graduates fare in the labor market during and after a recession, how the availability of birth control allowed young women in the 1960s and 1970s to invest in their careers, and how employers use the selectivity of school and GPA to infer the productivity of new college graduates. More recently, he has worked on issues of higher education access and completion, the long-term effects of recessions on places and employer skill demands, and measuring both employer market power and nontraditional work activities such as contracting and outsourcing. His work has appeared in the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, the Journal of Human Resources, American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, and American Economic Review. Hershbein earned his BA in economics from Harvard College and his PhD in economics from the University of Michigan.
Julie Hotchkiss is a research economist and senior adviser on the applied microeconomics team in the research department at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Her major fields of study are earnings and employment differentials across different groups of workers, variations in employment and earnings across time, and policy implications of changes in labor supply. Hotchkiss also serves as the executive director of the Atlanta Research Data Center (ARDC). The ARDC is in a secure physical location, housed in the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, where researchers can access nonpublic census data and data from other agencies. Eight regional research institutions support the ARDC. The ARDC is part of the Federal Statistical RDC Network. Prior to joining the Atlanta Fed in 2003, Hotchkiss was professor of economics at the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University. She began teaching as a senior associate and assistant professor of economics at the Policy Research Center at Georgia State University in 1989. She maintains an appointment as adjunct professor of economics in the Andrew Young School at Georgia State. Hotchkiss has published her research in various journals, including Applied Economics, the Review of Economics and Statistics, and the American Economic Review. She is a member of the American Economic Association, the Southern Economic Association, the Society of Labor Economists, and the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession. She has served as a coeditor for the Southern Economic Journal and the Eastern Economic Journal, on the board of the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession, and she is currently serving as president of the Southern Economic Association. Hotchkiss received BA degrees in economics and French from Willamette University. She earned her master's and doctoral degrees in economics at Cornell University.
Elisabeth Jacobs is a senior fellow in the Center on Labor, Human Services, and Population at the Urban Institute, focusing on issues related to family economic security and economic mobility. She serves as the deputy director of WorkRise, a research-to-action network on jobs, workers, and mobility hosted by the Urban Institute. From 2020-2021, she served as WorkRise's founding executive director. Her previous roles include founding senior director at the Washington Center for Equitable Growth, fellow at the Brookings Institution, and senior policy adviser positions with the U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and the U.S. Joint Economic Committee. Jacobs is a nationally recognized expert on family income and earnings instability, low-wage employment and job quality, and intergenerational mobility and opportunity, as well as a wide range of related policies including social insurance, labor market regulations, and safety net policies. She is a go-to source for media and policymakers looking for clear, concise, and relevant explanations of how research can inform policy debates and agenda setting. Jacobs is an elected member of the National Academy for Social Insurance, a founding member of the American Enterprise Institute—Brookings Paid Family Leave Working Group, and a member of the Aspen Institute's Benefits21 Leadership Advisory Board. She holds a BA from Yale University, where she served on the board of trustees for the Dwight Hall Center for Public Service and Social Justice, and a PhD from Harvard University, where she was a fellow in the Multidisciplinary Program in Inequality and Social Policy.
Chauncy Lennon is the New York-based vice president for learning and work at Lumina Foundation, an independent, private foundation in Indianapolis that is committed to making opportunities for learning beyond high school available to everyone. He came to Lumina in 2018 after nearly five years as a managing director and leader of workforce strategy at JPMorgan Chase & Co., where he drove the firm's $350 million investment in philanthropic initiatives. He previously led large portfolios of work at the Ford Foundation related to economic advancement and workforce development, and taught urban studies at Barnard College and Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs. Since 2015, Lennon has served on the national advisory board of the College Promise Campaign, a nonpartisan national initiative to build public support for funding the first two years of higher education for working students, beginning with community colleges. He also serves on the New York City Workforce Development Board, providing oversight of the city's policies and services for youths, adults, job seekers, and employers. Lennon is a graduate of Williams College, where he earned a bachelor's degree in anthropology. He holds a master's in social sciences from the University of Chicago and a doctorate in anthropology from Columbia University.
Thomas Lyttelton is a doctoral candidate in the sociology department at Yale University. He studies workplaces, workers, and inequality, and his research has been covered by CNN, The Boston Globe, and Harvard Business Review. Lyttelton's dissertation examines sociable interactions between workers and the implications of these interactions for labor market inequality.
Loretta J. Mester is president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, where she participates in the formulation of U.S. monetary policy and oversees 1,000 employees in Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Pittsburgh. She assumed her role as president and CEO in June 2014. Prior to being named president and CEO of the Cleveland Fed, Mester was executive vice president and director of research at the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, where she was the chief policy adviser, attended meetings of the Federal Open Market Committee, and oversaw the economists and analysts in the Research Department, as well as professionals in the Financial Statistics Department and the Payments Cards Center. She joined the Philadelphia Fed in 1985 as an economist, becoming senior vice president and director of research in 2000, and executive vice president and director of research in 2010. Mester is an adjunct professor of finance at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and is a fellow at the Wharton Financial Institutions Center. She has taught in the undergraduate finance and MBA programs at Wharton and in the PhD program in finance at New York University. She has published numerous articles in refereed academic and professional journals on a variety of topics, and she is a Management Committee member of the International Journal of Central Banking, coeditor of the Journal of Financial Services Research, and an associate editor of several other academic journals. Mester is a director of the Greater Cleveland Partnership, a trustee of the Cleveland Clinic, a trustee of the Musical Arts Association (Cleveland Orchestra), a director of the Council for Economic Education, a founding director of the Financial Intermediation Research Society, and a member of the advisory board of the Financial Intermediation Network of European Studies (FINEST). She is a member of the American Economic Association, the American Finance Association, the Econometric Society, and the Financial Management Association International. She graduated summa cum laude with a BA in mathematics and economics from Barnard College of Columbia University, and earned MA and PhD degrees in economics from Princeton University, where she was a National Science Foundation Fellow.
Ryan James Parsons is a doctoral candidate at Princeton University in the joint degree program in sociology and social policy. His general interests cover community and urban sociology, political sociology, and stratification. His research is motivated by prior experience working in China and the Mississippi Delta region. For his dissertation, Parsons will study the structure of community life, race relations, and reactions to economic change in a rural Mississippi town. Before enrolling at Princeton, Parsons was a project manager at the University of Mississippi's McLean Institute for Public Service and Community Engagement. He holds bachelor's degrees in international studies and Chinese from the University of Mississippi and an MPhil in development studies from the University of Cambridge.
William M. Rodgers III is professor and chief economist at the Heldrich Center. In spring 2006, he joined the graduate faculty at Rutgers' School of Management and Labor Relations. He is also a senior research affiliate of the National Poverty Center, University of Michigan. Before coming to Rutgers, he served as chief economist at the U.S. Department of Labor, appointed by U.S. Secretary of Labor Alexis Herman. He was also the Frances L. and Edwin L. Cummings Professor of Economics at the College of William and Mary. Most recently, he was elected to the National Academy of Social Insurance. Rodgers' research examines issues in labor economics and the economics of social problems. Recently, he and coauthor Richard Freeman (Harvard University) published a series of articles titled "Jobless Recovery: Whatever Happened to the Great American Jobs Machine?" He has published articles in the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, the Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, the Review of Black Political Economy, and Family Economics and Nutrition Review. Rodgers is immediate-past president of the National Economic Association and a former cochair of the Programs and Planning Committee of the United Way of Greater Williamsburg. In October 2004, he joined the board of the United Way of Somerset County, and in spring 2007, became vice chairman of the board. He is currently a member of the American Economic Association's Committee on the Status of Minorities in the Economics Profession and runs the Association's mentoring program. He is a member of the National Urban League Institute for Opportunity and Equality Advisory Board, and was appointed to the League's Council of Economic Advisors in spring 2007. He has served on the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation's Council of Academic Advisors and the Economic Policy Institute's Research Advisory Board, and serves on the board of the University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research.
Eric Rosengren is president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. He is a participant in the Federal Open Market Committee, the monetary policymaking body of the United States. As CEO, Rosengren leads the Boston Fed's work, which includes economic research and analysis, banking supervision and financial stability efforts, community economic development activities, and a wide range of payments, technology, and finance initiatives. Rosengren was appointed president in 2007 and has taken a rigorously data-driven approach in forming his views on the national and regional economy. His research and policy positions pay close attention to both aspects of the Fed's dual mandate—labor market outcomes as well as price stability. Rosengren's work as a researcher and now as a policymaker has often focused on financial stability issues and their impact on the real Main Street economy. He has led a number of efforts to expand the Boston Fed's outreach and impact on low- and moderate-income communities—among them hosting sizable foreclosure-prevention workshops for New England residents during the Great Recession, and running a competition for postindustrial New England communities to develop cross-sector collaboration and ultimately help improve the lives of lower-income residents. Rosengren holds a bachelor's degree in economics from Colby College, where he is the current chair of the board of trustees. He earned a master's and doctorate in economics from the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Jessica Santos is a researcher and educator with expertise in social inequality, workforce development and diversity, refugee and immigrant integration, and empowerment economics. She is a scientist and the director of Community-Engaged Research at the Institute on Assets and Social Policy (IASP) at Brandeis University and a lecturer at the Heller School. Prior to joining IASP, she worked at the New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health and Refugee Affairs, where she developed and managed projects to further health and equity in New Hampshire. Santos spent 10 years designing and implementing projects to improve the well-being of families and communities in New England and Latin America. She also worked with partners to secure millions of dollars in public and private funds for public health and economic inclusion in New Hampshire. Her current work is focused on learning from the intersections of research and practice to reduce inequality and bring innovative policy and program solutions to scale.
Lawrence D. W. Schmidt is the Victor J. Menezes (1972) Career Development Professor of Finance at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Sloan School of Management. His research is at the intersection of finance and macroeconomics. Schmidt's research combines theory and applied econometric approaches to offer a richer picture of risks faced by financial market participants—households, institutional investors, and financial intermediaries—and sheds new light on underlying economic mechanisms linking financial markets with the real economy. He is particularly interested in understanding factors which are associated with the risk and return to investments in human capital (that is, the present discounted value of labor income), and how frictions that limit risk-sharing in the labor market affect asset prices and macroeconomic dynamics. In addition to studying the risk factors and behavior of households, his work also studied the behavior of institutional investors during financial crises. His research has appeared in the American Economic Review, the Journal of Applied Econometrics, and the Journal of Mathematical Economics, and his research has won multiple awards, including the 2015 AQR Top Finance Graduate Award. Schmidt holds a BA from the University of California, Santa Barbara, and MA and PhD degrees in economics from the University of California, San Diego. Prior to joining the faculty at MIT Sloan, Schmidt was an assistant professor in the Kenneth C. Griffin Department of Economics at the University of Chicago and a senior consultant at Navigant Consulting, Inc.
Palak Shah is the Social Innovations Director of the National Domestic Workers Alliance (NDWA), the nation's leading organization working for the power, respect, and dignity of the 2.5 million nannies, housekeepers, and caregivers in the United States. She is also the founding director of NDWA Labs, the innovation arm of the domestic worker movement. Shah is a leader in the movement for workers' rights in the new economy, a thought leader on the future of work, and a social entrepreneur. Her groundbreaking work at NDWA focuses on the ways that technology can be harnessed for the benefit of workers, placing them at the center of innovation and change. Shah currently serves on the Advisory Council for the Institute for the Cooperative Digital Economy, as well as the Institute for the Future's Equitable Futures Lab. She previously served as a two-year Beck Visiting Social Innovator at the Harvard Kennedy School and a Job Quality Fellow with the Aspen Institute.
Niki D. vonLockette is an associate professor of public policy and African American studies. Her work examines the impact of residential segregation on unemployment and wages for blacks and Latinos in metropolitan areas (economic geography, city and community), and the effects of workplace occupational segregation on worker attitudes (work and occupations). The National Academy of Science awarded her a HUD postdoctoral fellowship to study the impact of residential segregation on the race gap in unemployment. She has served as consultant for the U.S. Departments of Labor and Commerce and the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. vonLockette earned a PhD in sociology from the University of Michigan.
David Weil is dean and professor at the Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University. Prior to joining the Heller School, he was appointed by President Barack Obama to be the administrator of the Wage and Hour Division of the U.S. Department of Labor and was the first Senate-confirmed head of that agency in a decade. He led the Wage and Hour Division from 2014 to January 2017. Weil is an internationally recognized expert in employment and labor market policy along with regulation, transparency policy, and the impacts of industry restructuring on employment and work outcomes and business performance. He has advised government agencies at the state and federal levels and international organizations on employment, labor, and workplace policies. He cofounded and codirects the Transparency Policy Project at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. He is the author of more than 125 articles and five books, including The Fissured Workplace (Harvard University Press). He has received many awards, including the Frances Perkins Intelligence and Courage Award in 2019. Weil received his BS from Cornell University and master's and PhD degrees in public policy from Harvard University.