For more than five years, this blog; federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies; and multiple industry associations have continued to warn businesses about the threat of ransomware attacks. Nevertheless, the FBI's Internet Crime Complaint Center's (IC3) 2021 crime report shows that in 2021, IC3 received 3,729 ransomware complaints, representing losses of $49.2 million. These numbers reflect a 51 percent increase in the number of victims and a 69 percent increase in losses. The report notes that these figures are likely higher as the crimes are underreported, and that these financial losses don't “include estimates of lost business, time, wages, files, or equipment, or any third-party remediation services acquired by a victim.” According to the report, the industries most frequently targeted were health care, financial services, information technology, critical manufacturing, and government but water systems, energy, and transportation networks were also attacked.
In the beginning, criminals carried out ransomware attacks by gaining network access to a company's computer system, which they would accomplish by getting an employee to unknowingly load malware or load it themselves by exploiting an operating software vulnerability or using a remote access channel. The malware would then encrypt the targeted files so the company could not access them, and the criminal would demand a ransom and promise a decryption key once it was paid.
Last year saw an evolution of the attacks, when criminals began to seek higher payouts. In addition to making the regular ransomware demands, criminals threatened to release sensitive information they'd gathered before encrypting the files unless the victims paid an additional ransom. Regardless of any promises they make and money they get, criminals often sell this information on the Dark Web for even more money.
The defenses against a ransomware attack remain the same:
- Conduct employee training and phishing tests to educate and increase awareness. • Implement a process for employees to report suspected phishing emails and investigate them immediately.
- Make frequent offline data backups and regularly test the backup process.
- Install security patches and software updates as soon as possible.
- Monitor remote desktop protocols, if they're used, and carefully review access controls.
What defensive measures has your company implemented to defend against a ransomware attack? Let us know I've missed any.